The three studies will be conducted jointly by Indonesia Power and MHI with support from its power solutions brand, Mitsubishi Power, and will aid in the advancement of solutions to accelerate the decarbonisation of energy systems in Indonesia.

One will use Suralaya CFPP as the reference plant and investigate co-firing of ammonia produced by existing ammonia plants in Indonesia. A particular area of focus will be the potential to establish a blue ammonia supply chain with production and transportation from the ammonia plant and ammonia co-firing technology to apply in existing boiler.

Another will evaluate technical and economic feasibility of hydrogen co-firing in an M701F gas turbine at the Tanjung Priok gas turbine combined cycle (GTCC) facility. MHI completed construction of the plant’s Unit 2 GTCC system in 2019 as part of PLN’s plans to build an 880 MW plant under the Jawa-2 Project.

A third study will examine the technical and economic feasibility of co-firing up to 100% biomass at the Suralaya coal-fired power plant (CFPP).

Osamu Ono, Senior Vice President, Chief Regional Officer, Asia Pacific & India, MHI, said for over 50 years, MHI and its power solutions brand Mitsubishi Power have helped evolve Indonesia’s energy landscape, playing major roles in significant energy projects across the country.

He said, “This new agreement with Indonesia Power will not only enhance the reliability and efficiency of existing facilities, including the Tanjung Priok plant we helped build, but also explore innovative solutions imperative to achieving urgent environmental sustainability goals while delivering on the country’s critical energy needs.”

Edwin Nugraha Putra, President Director, PT PLN Indonesia Power, said the partnership will enable greater adoption of renewable energy and cleaner fuels, thus helping to achieve a sustainable energy transition in Indonesia. He said, “This new agreement underscores our commitment to support the continued development and decarbonisation of the country’s energy sector.”

Indonesia has submitted tighter national emissions reduction targets in the run-up to the United Nations’ COP27 climate change conference in November, along with plans to produce green hydrogen and use its depleted upstream assets for carbon capture and storage, according to SPG Global.

Energy contributes about 10.9% of the 29% total emission reduction target, or equivalent to 340 million MT carbon dioxide (CO2), and about 12.5% of the 32% total emission reduction target, or equivalent to 352 million MT CO2, under the enhanced nationally determined contributions scenario.

Indonesia is rich in geothermal energy which could be used to produce green hydrogen.

Carbon Governance, a green energy project development company based in Singapore, recently signed an MoU with a local partner company in Bintan, Indonesia, for a long-term lease of land to develop a solar-based green hydrogen production and export facility.

The solar farm will use bi-facial solar panels to produce power to run the electrolysers, with a planned production capacity of 30,000kg of green hydrogen per day.