This presents a unique opportunity to drive hydrogen further into Europe’s heart with industrial process and residential areas potentially able to get the clean energy carrier transported through the gas grid.
Read more: 90+ energy players call on EU to recognise role for hydrogen blending in existing gas networks
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Through the study, the EU has discovered that, in the midterm from 2030, 5% and 20% hydrogen blending volume are the two feasible hydrogen blending solutions moving forwards.
This can then be scaled to higher concentrated levels in the future when more hydrogen is available, and the gas grid can support it.
Coupling electrolyser capacity with the hydrogen blending, 5% would mean that Europe could maintain a capacity of 18.4GW whereas 20% could enable 40-70.8GW providing an extensive opportunity to scale its hydrogen production.
Through the use of electrolysers, the study also recorded that wind consistently yielded higher outputs in comparison to solar with market-driven dispatch in terms of hydrogen production and capacity factors resulting in lower on-average production costs.
While CAPEX and variable cost components of hydrogen blended in the gas network vary considerably, their sum, in all but three scenarios considered in the present study, ranges between €3 and €4/kg hydrogen.
You can find the full report here.
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